There was an error while trying to serialize parameter fileStream. The InnerException message was Type System.IO.FileStream with data contract name FileStream: System.IO is not expected.

Introduction

This fix is helpful if you are using WCF streaming and you got this exception while transferring huge file using data contract. If you are using streaming and the stream is transferred to or from WCF service, then you will get an exception like

“There was an error while trying to serialize parameter http://tempuri.org/:fileStream. The InnerException message was ‘Type ‘System.IO.FileStream’ with data contract name ‘FileStream: http://schemas.datacontract.org/2004/07/System.IO’ is not expected. Consider using a DataContractResolver or add any types not known statically to the list of known types - for example, by using the KnownTypeAttribute attribute or by adding them to the list of known types passed to DataContractSerializer.’. Please see InnerException for more details.”

How to fix this exception

Streaming in WCF has some limitations. And the limitation which we face here is that the parameter that we use in contract should be of type IXmlSerializable. Here as we are using data contract, it is not IXmlSerializable. i.e. WCF expects XmlSerializer to serialize and de-serialize messages. Data contract uses DataContractSerializer by default to serialize and de-serialize messages. Unfortunately there is no fix for this bug if you use data contract. You can fix this by using message contract.

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Libish Varghese Jacob

Libish Varghese JacobI am currently working as a lead engineer in one of the leading wind turbine manufacturing firm. I have wide range of interests and getting my hands dirty in technology is one among them. I use this platform primarily as my knowledge base. I also use this platform to share my experience and experiments so that it might help someone who is walking the way I already did. The suggestions expressed here are the best to my knowledge at the time of writing and this may not necessarily be the best possible solution. I would pretty much appreciate if you could comment on it to bring into my notice on what could have been done better.