There was an error while trying to serialize parameter fileStream. The InnerException message was Type System.IO.FileStream with data contract name FileStream: System.IO is not expected.


This fix is helpful if you are using WCF streaming and you got this exception while transferring huge file using data contract. If you are using streaming and the stream is transferred to or from WCF service, then you will get an exception like

“There was an error while trying to serialize parameter The InnerException message was ‘Type ‘System.IO.FileStream’ with data contract name ‘FileStream:’ is not expected. Consider using a DataContractResolver or add any types not known statically to the list of known types - for example, by using the KnownTypeAttribute attribute or by adding them to the list of known types passed to DataContractSerializer.’. Please see InnerException for more details.”

How to fix this exception

Streaming in WCF has some limitations. And the limitation which we face here is that the parameter that we use in contract should be of type IXmlSerializable. Here as we are using data contract, it is not IXmlSerializable. i.e. WCF expects XmlSerializer to serialize and de-serialize messages. Data contract uses DataContractSerializer by default to serialize and de-serialize messages. Unfortunately there is no fix for this bug if you use data contract. You can fix this by using message contract.

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Libish Varghese Jacob

Libish Varghese JacobI am a lead engineer at a prominent wind turbine manufacturing firm. My interests span a diverse range, and immersing myself in technology is one of them. This platform serves as my primary knowledge base, where I seek information and insights. Moreover, I utilize this platform to share my experiences and experiments, hoping they may benefit those following a similar path. It's important to note that the suggestions I express here are based on my best knowledge at the time of writing and may not necessarily represent the optimal solutions. I wholeheartedly welcome any comments you may have to improve or refine my ideas. Your feedback is greatly appreciated and valued.